In the fourth year after Hijrah, the Holy Prophet marred him to his first cousin Hadrat Zainab, paid her dower on his behalf and provided them with necessary articles for setting up the house. Her mother was Umaymah, the daughter of his grandfather `Abd al-Muttalib. She had renounced worldly pleasures and was highly distinguished for her piety and wisdom. Among relatives permitted for the prophet to marry but disallowed to other Muslims, are “daughters of thy paternal Uncles and aunts, and daughters Of thy maternal uncles And aunts. The Battle of the Trench occurred in February 627 CE https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Trench. Please also remember that the prophet’s other 12 marriages were to non-relatives; to non-relatives, including to three Jewish women and two women who came from Christian backgrounds. Among double first cousin progeny, 41.2 percent of pre-reproductive deaths were associated with the expression of detrimental recessive genes, with equivalent values of 26.0, 14.9, and 8.1 percent for first cousins, first cousins once removed/double second cousins, and second cousins respectively. Thus, Adam and Eve were dark-skinned people; and so was all humanity for about 100,000 years till humans spread into Asia and Europe, where, the lower UV radiation gradually changed their skin pigmentation over the next 100,000+ years. A look passed between the two cousins which made each one conscious of a deep and lasting bond of love between them. He forces his plain-looking cousin Ali to marry his daughter Fatima who is, in his view, not as good looking as her sisters Zaynab, Roqayya and Umm Kalthum. 2 – That Eeshaa’ was the sister of Maryam’s mother Hannah, so Eeshaa’ was the maternal aunt of Maryam (peace be upon her). Cousin marriage is absolutely HALAL, all 4 imams are united on this point. Saleem Ahmed 7:50 PM (1 hour ago) to SYED, bcc: Saleem. While Zaynab was apparently unhappy with that marriage proposal initially because she was a Qurayshi and he, a freed former slave, she subsequently acquiesced to that marriage when the following verse was revealed shortly thereafter to the prophet: It is not fitting for a believer, man or woman, when a matter has been decided by Allah and His Messenger, to have any option about their decision. All you state regarding ailments are true, which may provide ground to discourage the same but not for its Prohibition. O Prophet! apkar pk (undated, sixth edition). Tabari states that Zaynab was only wearing a single slip, and the wind pushed away a curtain when Muhammad entered, revealing her "uncovered." Glory to Him who disposeth men’s hearts!’ When Zayd returned she told him of the Prophet’s visit and of the glorification she heard him utter. Lv 4. Let us now consider verse 4.23. At 40, when he was called to Prophethood, Khadija was 55. Why? Behold! As a legal ruling however, marrying one’s cousin is completely lawful in Islam, based on the Qur’an, Noble Sunna, and scholarly consensus (ijma`). Abu Salamah and his wife were among the first to migrate to Abyssinia. Zaynab bint Jahsh (ra) was the Prophet’s (pbuh) cousin sister – the daughter of his paternal aunt. ... the Apostle traded for Safiyah by giving Dihyah her two cousins. [Sûrah Al-Aḥzâb, 33:37). Her mother was Umaymah, the daughter of his grandfather `Abd al-Muttalib. The second Caliph, Umar ibn al-Khattab, also married his cousin, Atikah bint Zayd ibn Amr ibn Nufayl.. The women of Khaybar were distributed among the Muslims." This is to what Allah has alluded in the verse, saying: “Whom Allah as well as you had favored. Of all the children of Yakub, Yusuf was the most beloved. And God is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful (Surah Al-Ahzab). In the fourth year after Hijrah, the Holy Prophet marred him to his first cousin Hadrat Zainab, paid her dower on his behalf and provided them with necessary articles for setting up the house. The In the Ayah directed at the believers stating who *not* to marry, cousins are not stated in any shape or form. Learn how your comment data is processed. This is only for you, and not for the believers (at large). Discouraging practice of cousin marriage is acceptable brother, you have reasons for it. Not to offend but wrong interpretations are harming muslim ummah greatly. degree in geology from the University of Karachi in 1961 and a Ph.D. in Soil Science from the University of Hawaii in 1965. In 5 Hijri, the battle of Banu Mustaliq, two hundred … 6 2. Having said that, the permissibility does not necessarily mean that such marriages are encouraged, especially when repeated over generations. Phone: 001-92-21-231-2495. I first started receiving the magazines which I find almost impossible for me, to throw away. Was it that Zainab hath found favor with thee? This is in contrast with China, India, most of the United States and some other nations where cousin-marriage is against the law and regarded as incest. So everyone besides these relatives named can be married. I would argue, however, that cousin marriage was permitted by the Divine only as an exception to the prophet; it was never meant to be for all Muslims. The marriage wasn't a happy one. The Prophet married off his foster son Zayd who was a freed slave to his cousin, Zaynab, who was from the noblest families of Arabs. I will be discuss this further. Ameen. Born in India, raised in Pakistan; and has been living in Hawaii since 40+ years. Yusuf Ali This only for thee and not for the Believers (at large). The only concern remaining with be regarding possible medical problems. O Prophet! Zainab was the Prophet's cousin. Fax: 001-92-21-231-0908. We know what We have appointed for them as to their wives and the captives whom their right hands Possess; in order that there should be no difficulty for you. We cannot put halal / haraam from our pocket if we dislike some of its part or other it’s Allah (s.w.t) who had declared what is halal and what is haraam no one can dare to alter them. Paul, Diane B.; Spencer, Hamish G. (23 December 2008). Whether you call it a prohibition or use some “softer” word, is entirely up to you. Please don’t spread such blunder….!!!! O Prophet! (My response to Br. 2. his cousin); and there are many other such examples amongst ahlul bayt. The Prophet (pbuh) had married his first cousin, Zaynab (ra), to his freed slave, Zayd ibn Haritha (ra), whom he had adopted as his son. Aisha Bewley. Would he do this if it was for Prophets only? History of the Prophets and Kings 4/ 199 by Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari, al-Bidayah wa al-Nihayah 6/352 by ibn Kathir, http://islammonitor.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=3921:incest-in-islam&catid=294:social-practices-interactions&Itemid=61, Flere dødfødsler blandt indvandrere (Danish language), The Role and Significance of Consanguinity as a Demographic Variable, Polygamist community faces genetic disorder, Consanguinity, human evolution, and complex diseases, Consanguinity and reproductive health among Arabs, Muslim Inbreeding: Impacts on intelligence, sanity, health and society, Hay Festival 2011: Professor risks political storm over Muslim 'inbreeding’, http://wikiislam.net/index.php?title=Cousin_Marriage_in_Islamic_Law&oldid=125637, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0. 14 February 2014. We have made lawful to thee your wives to whom you have paid their dowers; and those whom your right hand out of the prisoners of war whom God has assigned to you; and daughters of your paternal uncles and aunts, and daughters of your maternal uncles and aunts, who migrated (from Mecca) with you; and any believing woman who dedicates her soul to the prophet if the prophet wishes to wed her. All Muslim scholars understood the sentence (a privilege for you only, not for the (rest of) the believers.) Allah lists mom’s, grandma’s, nieces paternal and maternal, etc but not once a cousin. Jinnah Road, Karach 74000, Pakistan. Zayd divorced her and the Prophet married her when she was thirty-eight years old. In some communities cousin marriages are encouraged and in others they are stigmatized. Unfortunately, apparently, there was no apparent reason to dig into it. The Prophet’s marriage to his cousin, Zainab bint Jahsh (may Allah be pleased with her), who was divorced by his adopted son, Zaid (may Allah be pleased with him), shows that in Islâm, it is lawful for a man to marry his first degree cousin. The prohibition in verse 33.50 is all that I need to follow, especially since no other verse abrogates it. In conclusion, the above summary underscores the inherent potential danger arising out of consanguineous marriage —a relationship that should be highly discouraged, not only because of health issues but also in conformity with understanding the directives given by Allah in Sûrah Al- Aḥzâb, 33:50. Regarding cousin marriages: Can Qur’an 49:13 ( O’mankind. With this high amount of shared DNA, you have a higher risk of birth defects in a baby. [Sûrah Al-Aḥzâb, 33:50]. Disabilities included blindness, cerebral palsy, mental disorders, thalassemia (a group of genetic diseases that affect the body’s hemoglobin), physical deformities, as well as hearing and speech impairments. The answer is given in the article below, a must-read that you should share with your family. Zaynab was his cousin. Thanks for your comment that cousin marriage in Islam is “halal”. This is only for you and not for the believers (at large); We know what We have appointed for them as to their wives and the captives whom their right hands possess, in order that there should be no difficulty for you. ", From WikiIslam, the online resource on Islam, Prohibited to you (For marriage) are:- Your mothers, daughters, sisters; father's sisters, Mother's sisters; brother's daughters, sister's daughters; foster-mothers (Who gave you suck), foster-sisters; your wives' mothers; your step-daughters under your guardianship, born of your wives to whom ye have gone in,- no prohibition if ye have not gone in;- (Those who have been) wives of your sons proceeding from your loins; and two sisters in wedlock at one and the same time, except for what is past; for Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful;-. This preference for cousin marriage is inspired by the fact that Prophet Muhammad married his first cousin, Zaynab bint Jahsh (RA) in 627 CE. share | improve this answer | follow | edited Sep 18 at 16:26. answered Sep 18 at 16:20. Zayd immediately went to him and said: ‘I have been told thou camest unto my home. MUFTI TAQI USMANI O prophet, We have made lawful for you all your wives whom you have given their dowers, and those (bondwomen) whom you own, out of the captives Allah has given to you as spoils of war, and daughters of your paternal uncle, and daughters of your paternal aunts, and daughters of your maternal uncle, and daughters of your maternal aunts, who have migrated with you, and a believing woman who offers herself for (marrying) the prophet without dower, if the prophet wishes to bring her into his marriage, these rules being exclusive for you, and not for the (rest of the) believers,-(surah Al ahzab) … The special consideration given to prophet Muhammad s.a.w was marrying without dower. And God is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful (Surah Al-Ahzab). means no woman has the right to offer herself to any man without a Wali or a dowery, except to the Prophet peace be upon him. Muhammad, Islamic prophet and his first cousin, Zaynab bint Jahsh; N. Naoe Kanetsugu, Japanese samurai and Karō of the Uesugi clan in 15th and 16th century, and his cousin, Osen. She had previously been brought up under the Prophet's supervision, and had eventually married his freed slave and adopted son Zayd. The Prophet married her and afforded protection to her although the hope of any change in Abu Sufyan's attitude did not materialize. When Khadija died at 65, the Prophet was 50. We know what We have appointed for them as to their wives and the captives whom their right hands Possess; in order that there should be no difficulty for you. Naqvi) I should also add I am also trying to prevent the thousands of future Muslims from being born blind, having congenital deformities, and other PREVENTABLE ailments that cousin marriages have been found to generate. 4.23. This made lawful for the prophet to marry the “daughters of his paternal and maternal uncles and aunts”. So, marriages to all close relatives —including to “daughters of your uncles and aunts”— were permitted only to the prophet; these categories are what was not permitted to other Muslims. He is commonly regarded as the third person to have accepted Islam, after Muhammad's wife Khadija bint Khuwaylid, and Muhammad's cousin Ali ibn Abi Talib. 4.23. From a biological point of view it becomes clear that first cousin marriage is not recommended because close relatives have a higher than normal consanguinity which means an increased chance of sharing genes for recessive traits. Zayd … There are other problems with cousin marriages. Zayd divorced her and the Prophet married her when she was thirty-eight years old. Fatimah (born between 605 and 615 CE, died sometime in 632 CE; date of death is disputed) was the youngest daughter of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad (l. 570-632 CE) and his first wife Khadija (l. 555-619 CE). The Battle of the Trench occurred in February 627 CE https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Trench. Available from Muhammad Arif, 404 Qamar House, M.A. Allâh knew better than His Prophet that Zaynâb would be one of his wives. ... to be with one of his wives. Khattab ˹This is˺ exclusively for you, not for the rest of the believers. Islam is moderate concerning the permissibility of marriage with the first cousin – it allows man to marry his cousins (Soorah Al-Ahzab, 33:50) Among the most prominent evidence of this fact is that the marriage of Prophet’s (صلى الله عليه و سلم) to Zainab bint Jahsh (ra), his aunt’s daughter. That being the case, then Umm Hani must have been a toddler or was just a little girl when the Prophet married Khadijah. Verse 33.50 unambiguously provided the prophet permission to marry his cousin; similarly, it equally unambiguously prohibited other Muslims from marrying their first cousins. We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes) be explained? There are often health concerns if first cousin marriages continue over several generations. Why are these relatives not mentioned in verse 4.23 but mentioned in verse 33.50, I cannot answer. Your Particular Case. He refused her then. This marriage of Zainab (RA) with Zaid (RA) was intended to break the family and social barriers, but the marriage did not prove to be successful and ended in divorce. Regarding the concern that Muslims may have committed zina by marrying their cousins: One of the beauties of the Qur’an is that it requires that we understand the intention of any possible transgression. She had been married to Zayd bin Haritha, the freed slave of the Prophet. Whom Allah as well as you had favored years ago seen in chapter 4 verse 23 [ 6.... ’ ll consider science as false the report stated that these children were 13 times more than... 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